Publication detail

Returns to tertiary education in Western and Eastern Europe (M. Mysíková, J. Večerník)

Author(s): PhDr. Martina Mysíková Ph.D.,
doc. Ing. Jiří Večerník CSc.,
Type: Articles in journals with impact factor
Year: 2019
Number: 0
ISSN / ISBN:
Published in: Prague Economic Papers, 28 (1): 30–48
Publishing place:
Keywords:
JEL codes:
Suggested Citation: DOI: 10.18267/j.pep.686
Abstract: In the 1990s, the transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe witnessed an upward trend in returns to education, unlike in Western European countries. This upward trend led to much higher returns than in what was observed in the communist period or compared to the West. The surveys EU-SILC collected since 2005 show that although returns to tertiary education were converging across Europe, there is still a big difference between East and West, with returns considerably higher in the East. Panel analysis reveals also substantial differences in the factors behind returns to tertiary education in the East and the West. The assumed negative relationship between the share of tertiary-educated workers in the working-age population and the returns to tertiary education were confirmed only in the West. The job vacancy rate has a significant negative impact on returns to tertiary education only in the East. While in the West the labour market seems to react more to labour supply, in the East labour demand plays a more important role.

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