Work detail

Is Maternal Death more important for Girls and Paternal Death for Boys? An Analysis from Developing Countries

Author: Mgr. Tomáš Klepetko
Year: 2016 - summer
Leaders: doc. PhDr. Michal Bauer Ph.D.
Consultants:
Work type: Finance, Financial Markets and Banking
Masters
Language: English
Pages: 92
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/165154/
Abstract: Parental death has the potential to deteriorate various outcomes of children in the developing
world. One of such outcomes is education: when a parent dies, resources are reduced,
psychological distress increased, so is the necessity to replace the parent in some of their
duties. Literature commonly distinguishes impacts of maternal and paternal death on
education of children. Nevertheless, no papers focus directly on the interaction between
gender of the deceased parent and of the orphaned child. This thesis tests empirically the
hypothesis that maternal death is more important for girls and paternal death for boys. The
reasoning is that mothers typically spend more time caring about little children and about
household generally, so after maternal death it is necessary to find a substitute for this role
and it is more likely to find one among the daughters than among the sons. Subsequently,
the daughter is at a higher risk of dropping out of school due to higher responsibilities at
home. Fathers, on the contrary, are primarily income-earners, so after paternal death it
becomes more likely that one of the sons replaces the deceased father on labour market than
one of the daughters. The son then becomes more likely to stop attending school than any
of the daughters. Using cross-sectional data from Sub-Saharan Africa and Indonesia, this
hypothesis was largely confirmed and it was also shown that gender differences are highest
among the oldest children. However, the longitudinal analysis with data from Tanzania
revealed very small effects that are indistinguishable by gender.
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