Work detail

Experimental Investigation of Discrimination of Mothers in the Labor Market

Author: Mgr. Alžběta Kočová
Year: 2016 - summer
Leaders: Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.
Consultants:
Work type: Finance, Financial Markets and Banking
Masters
Language: English
Pages: 85
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/162880/
Abstract: The aim of this thesis is to determine the degree of discrimination of mothers in the Czech labor
market during employee selection. We conduct an Internet field experiment which allows us
to study the effect of the different lengths of parental leave on the probability of being invited
for a job interview. We test three years long parental leave, a typical length in the Czech
environment, against two years long parental leave as the shortest usual length, using a mother long
after parental leave as our third control group. We found a slight preference for the three years
parental leave, but we cannot confirm the hypothesis of three years leave being significantly
preferred to two years leave at conventional confidence levels. The most significant is the result
where resume of high-quality was sent. The results about the role of social norms from a survey
among hiring specialists indicate that from two opposing effects – losing knowledge and working
experience the longer a mother is on parental leave, versus losing flexibility at work the younger
her child is – none is of higher concern if comparing three years leave and two years leave.
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