Spatial Analysis of the Motherhood Wage Gap in the Czech Republic
|Author:||Mgr. Radka Vlčková|
|Year:||2019 - summer|
|Leaders:|| Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Finance, Financial Markets and Banking
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||Using the Czech household microdata, I analyze the regional variations of
the motherhood wage gap in the Czech Republic. By this spatial analysis,
I aim to detect discrepancies between metropolitan areas and rural localities.
Such a study has not yet been carried out in the Czech Republic. Accounting
for individual characteristics and working history of employed women, I observe both positive and negative wage gaps but only in several regions. Such
findings can be explained by cultural differences, individual self-selection into
higher paid jobs or by employers’ approach to mothers. For the remaining
regions, there is not enough evidence of the motherhood wage gap presence.
The hypothesis that in socially excluded localities the wage gap is largest is
rejected. Additional examination of the formal childcare provision shows that
increase of the kindergartens’ occupancy rate significantly decreases salaries
of both mothers and childless women. This result is consistent with the
previous Czech research.