The Effects of Different Malaria Prevention Measures: Panel Data Analysis
|Author:||Bc. Adéla Pavelková|
|Year:||2020 - summer|
|Leaders:|| Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Economic Theory
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The main aim of this diploma thesis was to explore the topic of malaria preventive measures.
Concretely, to study which preventive measures are useful and to see how they are distributed
around the world. For international organizations, this is very important as they need to know
whether funds allocated for malaria aid are distributed effectively. This study is using
manually compounded data from the World Health Organization for all countries threatened
by malaria mostly from 2001 to 2018. For this purpose, panel data regression methods using
robust standard errors, bootstrapping and cluster analysis were used. The results showed that
generally, the most useful preventive measures are indoor-residual sprayings, a combination
of sprayings and insecticide-treated nets and rapid diagnostic tests. Furthermore, the effect of
the population living in rural areas is significant. Besides, gross domestic product is a very
important factor for African countries. The stability analysis – bootstrapping – confirmed our
results. However, we examined that insecticide-treated nets are still the most distributed
measures. Doing the cluster analysis, we observed that countries on the same continent should
not be treated similarly and we emphasized countries that should receive higher attention.
Overall, the advantage of this study is external validity as our results can be generalized.