Determinants of Induced Abortion in Selected European Countries
|Author:||Bc. Tereza Michálková|
|Year:||2020 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The thesis scrutinizes potential impacts of various socio-economic determinants on the legally induced abortions in Europe by examining a sample
of 15 European countries for the 2007-2017 period. For the panel data regression, fixed effects estimation and random effects estimation, both with
the Newey-West robust standard errors, are applied and compared with
the Hausman test. The significant results generally correspond to the previous studies. Specifically, both crude divorce rate and female unemployment propose a positive impact on abortions and crude birth rate influences
abortions negatively. The only exception opposing the previous studies is
the female tertiary education that signals substantial negative impact on
abortions in the context of European countries. In addition, the thesis introduces new economic variables to the topic of abortions (social benefits,
GDP growth rate, GDP per capita and political stability index). Nonetheless, except for the positive effect of GDP per capita on abortions, the other
economic variables did not appear to be significant in the preferred models.