Work detail

Impact of health expenditures on infant mortality in Africa

Author: Bc. Vladimír Bajer
Year: 2022 - summer
Leaders: Mgr. Lenka Šlegerová
Consultants:
Work type: Bachelors
Language: English
Pages: 61
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://dspace.cuni.cz/handle/20.500.11956/175652
Abstract: Each year, the infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births in Africa is more than 15 times higher than
in the Czech Republic. This thesis investigates whether infant, neonatal and under-5 mortality rates
could be lowered by an increase in health expenditures in Africa. We used data from 49 African
countries for the last 20 available years, i.e., from 2000 to 2019. Applying the fixed effects estimation
method for panel data, we examined the health expenditures as aggregate total current spending, and
also separately as domestic private, domestic public and external. Our analyses showed significant
negative relationships between both total current and external (i.e., direct foreign transfers and
foreign transfers distributed by a government) health spending and infant/under-5 mortality.
Additionally, under-5 mortality is also significantly affected by domestic private spending. On the
contrary, no significant relationship between neonatal mortality and any health expenditure was
found. Previously performed studies claimed that domestic public spending decreases studied
mortalities too. However, our results imply that the effect of domestic public spending has
disappeared and transferred instead into external and private health funds. Thus, it is crucial to
invest in these segments more to lessen infant and under-5 mortality in Africa.

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