The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and other factors on road traffic safety in the Czech Republic
|Autor:||Bc. Josefína Schusterová|
|Rok:||2022 - letní|
|Vedoucí:|| doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová Ph.D.
|Typ práce:|| Bakalářská
|Abstrakt:||This thesis focuses primarily on determining the potential effect of Covid-19
on road traffic safety in the Czech Republic, measured by the daily volume
of traffic collisions. The additional incorporation of weather and seasonal factors contributes to the complexity and uniqueness of this work. Although it
is possible to Ąnd relevant foreign literature on the relationship between the
pandemic and traffic accidents, this phenomenon has not been widely studied
in the Czech Republic.
The hypotheses were tested by applying the Ordinary Least Squares estimation on time series data. The frequency of traffic accidents signiĄcantly
decreased with the presence of Covid-19 disease, especially during the state
lockdown periods. A similar pattern was observed by the remaining analysed
categories of collisions, except for those with alcohol and drugs detected by the
offender, which were positively inĆuenced by the pandemic. The wind is the
only statistically insigniĄcant weather variable in our analysis, and the state
holidays all turn out to signiĄcantly affect the number of traffic accidents. Overall, the thesis contributes to the revelation of traffic trends during the Covid-19
disease and helps to predict the traffic safety situation in a possible future state
of emergency of a similar kind.