Economics of environmental protection in the European Union
|Author:||Mgr. Katarína Hercegová|
|Year:||2005 - winter|
|Leaders:|| † prof. RNDr. Ing. František Turnovec CSc.
|Work type:|| European Integration
|Awards and prizes:||M.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an extraordinarily good masters diploma thesis|
|Abstract:||The focus of this diploma thesis is to introduce the topic of environmental protection to the reader. We give an overview of development of the environmental concept in economic theory, discuss the basic terms and the link between the environment and economics. We describe economic instruments of environmental protection used in the developed countries. Then we focus on the environmental protection policy in the European Union, which has been a dynamically developing field during the integration process. Nowadays, the EU is having an increasing impact on policy making not only in the Member States but also at the international level. The key part of the thesis deals with estimation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) – an inverted U-shaped relationship between pollution and the level of economic development. We run the regression for several pollutants (CO2, SO2 and NOx) using ordinary least square method (OLS) and data sets for OECD countries, the European Union and the Czech Republic. Then we bring up the model detecting what factors have an impact on the level of SO2 pollution in the Czech Republic.|
|Downloadable:|| Katarína Hercegová