Alternative Economical Apporach to the Phenomenon of Altruism
|Author:||Mgr. Pavel Štika|
|Year:||2006 - summer|
|Leaders:|| prof. RNDr. Jiří Hlaváček CSc.
|Work type:|| Economic Theory
|Awards and prizes:||M.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an extraordinarily good masters diploma thesis|
|Abstract:||In this paper I propose a possible solution which can enable economics to Tavole the phenomenon of genuine altruism. Inspired by post-classical streams of economic thought I come out from the koncept of methodological realism leasing to an organismic perception of men. Habitual behaviour is then identified as a response of procedurally rational individua to the environment of Fundamentals uncertainty.
Further I enlarge perceiving of men by the conception of Jung´s psychology of personality and the theory of cognitive dissonance. Distorting influence of the unconscious part of psyche and conceptual way of reality perception enhance importace of habits.
I propose a model, which reflects all the facto mentioned above. As an optima response to the model environment I identify certain form of altruism represented by following of the sum-of-utilities maximization rule.
By comparison of the model and reality I come to the probléme of social influence on habitual equipment of an individua and I identify situations observed in real life, which are similar to the modelled one. Following the optics of the model I next briefly handle with probléme of institutional change and koexistence of different cultures.
|Downloadable:|| Pavel Štika