Work detail

Alternative Economical Apporach to the Phenomenon of Altruism

Author: Mgr. Pavel Štika
Year: 2006 - summer
Leaders: prof. RNDr. Jiří Hlaváček CSc.
Work type: Economic Theory
Language: Czech
Pages: 76
Awards and prizes: M.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an extraordinarily good masters diploma thesis
Abstract: In this paper I propose a possible solution which can enable economics to Tavole the phenomenon of genuine altruism. Inspired by post-classical streams of economic thought I come out from the koncept of methodological realism leasing to an organismic perception of men. Habitual behaviour is then identified as a response of procedurally rational individua to the environment of Fundamentals uncertainty.
Further I enlarge perceiving of men by the conception of Jung´s psychology of personality and the theory of cognitive dissonance. Distorting influence of the unconscious part of psyche and conceptual way of reality perception enhance importace of habits.
I propose a model, which reflects all the facto mentioned above. As an optima response to the model environment I identify certain form of altruism represented by following of the sum-of-utilities maximization rule.
By comparison of the model and reality I come to the probléme of social influence on habitual equipment of an individua and I identify situations observed in real life, which are similar to the modelled one. Following the optics of the model I next briefly handle with probléme of institutional change and koexistence of different cultures.
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