Detail publikace

Měření politického tlaku na centrální banky v rozvíjejících se tržních ekonomikách: Případ Egyptské národní banky

Autor: Ibrahim Awad ,
Typ: IES Working Papers
Rok: 2007
Číslo: 30
Publikováno v: IES Working Papers 2007/30
Místo vydání: Prague
Klíčová slova: monetární politika, nezávislost centrální banky, fiskální dominance, politický tlak
JEL kódy: E51, E59, H75, C23
Citace: Awad, Ibrahim L. (2007). “ Towards Measurement of Political Pressure on Central Banks in the Emerging Market Economies: The Case of the Central Bank of Egypt ” IES Working Paper 30/2007. IES FSV. Charles University.
Abstrakt: This paper assesses whether the legal independence granted to the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) under the latest legislation is factual. I followed Fry’s methodology, which assumes that the level of independence of the central bank is determined by fiscal attributes. In an attempt to develop Fry’s method, I used a simple criterion to assess the central bank’s independence, namely, that the central bank is actually independent if it can fulfill its money supply target. Applying this criterion to the CBE and some other CBs in the developed countries and emerging market economies, we find that: (i) the legal independence granted to the CBE under the latest legislation is not factual; although the final objective of monetary policy is to achieve price stability, the CBE failed to fulfill its money supply target and achieve price stability, because it was responsive to political pressure and did not react to fulfill its money supply target; (ii) such political pressure on the CBE is due to fiscal attributes, as measured by domestic credit to the government; (iii) CBs whose independence is factual, according to our criterion, showed a negative relationship between the legal indices, as measured by the GMT index, and the fiscal attributes measured by DCGY. However, the relationship was anomalous when measured by the rate of inflation.
Ke stažení: WP 2007_30_Awad


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