Work detail

Economic and Social Costs of Power Outages: The Case of Pakistan

Author: Bc. Martin Černý
Year: 2013 - summer
Leaders: doc. PhDr. Zuzana Havránková Ph.D.
Work type: Bachelors
Language: English
Pages: 67
Awards and prizes: B.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an extraordinarily good bachelors diploma thesis.
Abstract: The lack of electricity supply is a major impediment of poverty alleviation in developing countries. Pakistan is currently suering from the worst energy crisis in its history, leading to massive daily power outages. This study determines the economic and social costs of these outages in Gilgit, Pakistan through sur- vey data collected through face-to-face interviews with 149 residents. Winter heating, cooking during Ramadan and the inability to use fans in summer rep- resent the main obstacles while expensive back-up facilities such as gas light or fuel generators are mainstays of households and businesses. Via contingent valuation technique our study provides evidence that Gilgit residents are will- ing to pay Rs.340 extra, in addition to their monthly electricity bill, to ensure service reliability. Further, interval and ordered logit regressions were applied to identify the various socio-economic and demographic characteristics which determine the willingness to pay (WTP) to avoid outages. Our results show that the ownership of a generator, high electricity bill and the number of out- ages have a positive eect on the stated WTP while students and those whose perceived price of electricity is high are not willing to pay extra. JEL classi cation: C24, C93, D12, H40, L94, Q41, R11, R21


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