The effect of lecture/seminar attendance on exam results
|Author:||Bc. Romana Plachá|
|Year:||2016 - summer|
|Leaders:|| Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The core of this thesis is to investigate how attendance at the lectures and
seminars affects the exam results. Despite the fact that schools are the primary
source of education, attendance at the universities is not usually compulsory.
As a university student, I was interested if and how attendance influences
academic performance at the university where I study. Thus I decided to
conduct a survey and chose an undergraduate course Econometrics II at the
Charles University in Prague. The sample is 42 students.
Because of the problem of omitted variable bias, it was necessary to control
for the unobservable factors such as ability, motivation, and effort. Therefore
there are used two methods of estimation. Firstly, the method of ordinary
least squares with proxy variables and secondly the method of two-stage least
squares with an instrumental variable.
The results indicate that in the studied sample there is a positive and significant
effect of attendance at the lectures on the exam results, however, the
effect of attendance at the seminars is not statistically different from zero.