Vendor lock-in in IT procurement
|Autor:||Bc. Adam Duraj|
|Rok:||2017 - letní|
|Vedoucí:|| PhDr. Ing. Jiří Skuhrovec PhD.
|Typ práce:|| Bakalářská
|Abstrakt:||The paper concerns with vendor lock-in in public procurements on information
and communication technologies (ICT), examined it in general and theoretically
handle how it could be prevented. The primary aim of the study is to
find out if some criterions of public procurements lead to higher lock-in rate or
not and if higher vendor lock-in rate leads to the higher profit of the suppliers.
The results showed that higher number of bids in the initial procurements leads
to lower lock-in rate. On the other hand, the hypotheses about the European
Union (EU) funds and the price criterion were not proved. Also, we have not
proved the hypothesis that higher lock-in rate leads to the higher profit of the
suppliers. Another finding of the paper is that public sector suffers from the
oldness of the information systems. Plenty of the information systems is older
than 11 years old. That is also the reason that many initial procurements for
the information systems are not available in the dataset (it is related to at
least 148 information systems). That is the reason for our quite small sample
and could be the reason for the results we got. The recommended steps, to
lower the level of lock-in, include the creation of the ICT strategy, guidance to
contract documentation and a request to suppliers to use open standards and
open source software.