Sustainable Development Goal Nr. 1: End of Poverty
|Author:||Bc. Anežka Komorová|
|Year:||2019 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík CSc.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||Nowadays, the question of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) seems to get more and
more attention. This bachelor thesis focuses on the first goal – end poverty in all its forms
everywhere. There is a great number of literature which examines possible determinants of poverty
in order to create effective strategies to fight witht it. Majority of them focuses on the study in
particular countries or regions since their data are easier to access. On the contrary, this thesis
examines variables and their effect on extreme poverty in the world with the use of the econometric
analysis on panel data. There are seven independent variables used: GDP per capita, Gini index as
a proxy variable for income inequality, population growth and four education attainment levels -
no education, primary, secondary and tertiary. The World Bank was chosen as the primary source
of data with a great number of observations from 125 countries over time period of 2000 and 2017.
According to the results of the study, explanatory variables GDP per capita, income inequality, no
education and tertiary education significantly affect extreme poverty. Also, the results show that
the goal of 0 % is unlikely to be fulfilled by the year of 2030. To sum up, the first goal of the SDGs
turned out as too ambitious. For its accomplishment it is neccesary for all parties involved to
enhance their efforts and to take immediate action.