The Impact of International Sanctions on The Economy of Iran
|Autor:||Bc. Tomáš Kraváček|
|Rok:||2020 - letní|
|Vedoucí:|| PhDr. Jaromír Baxa Ph.D.
|Typ práce:|| Bakalářská
|Abstrakt:||The pursue of Iran’s regional ambitions since the very existence of the Islamic republic has
commonly collided with the interests of other regional players such as Saudi Arabia and Israel
supported by the U.S. Consequently, Iran has been often a target of various U.S. sanctions.
Later, after the continuing Iranian reluctance to abide by the international rules concerning its
nuclear programme, the EU joined the U.S. in sanctioning Iran. In 2012, the oil embargo was
imposed by the former which dramatically reduced the value of Iranian exports. In this thesis,
we apply the synthetic control method to estimate the effect of international sanctions on the
economy of Iran. We estimate the possible development of Iranian GDP per capita during the
2010-2015 period had it not been for the international sanctions. Our results show a steady
growth of the GDP per capita in the absence of the sanctions. In 2015, the last year of the
sanctions, the difference between our estimated GDP per capita and the actual one is 1,911