Work detail

Determinants of Crime in Eastern Europe with a Focus on Czechia and Slovakia

Author: Mgr. Anna Umlaufová
Year: 2022 - winter
Leaders: Mgr. Roman Kalabiška
Consultants:
Work type: Masters
Language: English
Pages: 114
Awards and prizes: Deloitte Outstanding Thesis Award.
Link: https://dspace.cuni.cz/handle/20.500.11956/171380
Abstract: This study examines whether determinants of crime, hypothesized in the economic theory of crime and tested in other global regions, also explain crime
rates in Eastern Europe, which is often excluded in existing research. Using
fixed effects estimation and controlling for social cohesion and law enforcement,
the results suggest that increases in income per capita have a negative effect
on homicide and violent crime, but the effect on sexual and property crimes
is mixed. Furthermore, the significance and sign of the impact of income inequality and unemployment differ across individual crimes. This study also
investigates crime determinants specifically in Czechia and Slovakia. Contrary
to the cross-country analysis, there appears to be little connection between
aggregate income and the regional distribution of crime, indicating the importance of social rather than economic factors.
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