Detail práce

The Potential Economic Benefits of Plant-Based Diet in Czechia

Autor: Bc. Vojtěch Růžek
Rok: 2022 - letní
Vedoucí: Mgr. Petra Landovská
Typ práce: Bakalářská
Jazyk: Anglicky
Stránky: 54
Abstrakt: Noncommunicable diseases are growing global issue with significant economic
consequences, leading to large direct (expenditures for treatment) and indirect
(arising from decreased productivity) costs. Plant-based diet has been shown
to decrease the risk of the most dangerous noncommunicable diseases (e.g.,
ischemic heart disease, stroke, and breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer).
In this thesis, we estimate the potential cost savings (both healthcare and
social) due to reduction of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases in Czechia
linked to plant-based eating patterns. Using prevalence, incidence, mortality,
and population data from 2019 (supplemented with 2018 data) in Czechia,
Markov chains (set for 10 years, updated annually) for control (no PBD eaters)
and treatment (20% of population are PBD eaters) groups are constructed.
Morbidity between the two groups is compared and costs are estimated as
sum of direct (healthcare utilization) and indirect (absenteeism and premature
mortality) costs and discounted to present value. Our findings show that 20%
of population adhering to plant-based diet would yield cost savings of 15.8
billion CZK in 10 years discounted to present value, corresponding to 0.28% of
Czech GDP in 2019. The most substantial part is covered by direct costs: 13.2
billion CZK. This thesis presents a strong argument that PBD is an effective
tool against NCDs pandemic and it yields significant cost savings, mostly in the
healthcare sector


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