Decomposition of the gender wage gap before and after covid-19: did wage determinants across genders change?
|Author:||Bc. Martina Bartóková|
|Year:||2022 - summer|
|Leaders:|| Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The topics of inequality, unconditional differences or disproportional rewarding systems are
fighting for their place at the top of the interest in public life. In order to fight the inequality
present in society, scientists, policymakers, publicly active people and ordinary people are
trying to discuss it and find its leading causes. This thesis examines the inequality between men
and women in the rewarding system and how the recent pandemic crisis influences it. We
analyse the role of many wage gap determinants and try to identify the main ones and how they
change with the COVID-19 pandemic. Some of our expectations were confirmed. The
pandemic crisis put more burden on women than men. However, the research shows that all the
economic sectors suffer from the pandemic; the only difference is by what amount. The results
of the decomposition show that change in the determinants of the wage gap is present, but only
on the border of the gap. The reason is that even before the pandemic outbreak, the most
significant part of the gender wage gap (GWG) was caused by the unexplained gap, i.e., the
possible reasons for the GWG are gender discrimination or gender specialisation. After the
COVID-19 pandemic began, the unexplained gap strengthened its position.